Pressurized liquid extraction as an eco-friendly approach to recover anthocyanin from black rice bran

20/05/2023 20:21

Eduardo Leonarski, Mayara Kuasnei, Paulo Alexandre Durant Moraes, Karina Cesca, Débora de Oliveira, Acácio AF Zielinski

June 2023

This study aimed to recover the anthocyanin-rich extract from black rice bran by pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and compare with the conventional process (heating-stirring extraction – HSE). PLE performs fast and efficiently and results in high yields in less time and less solvent, being considered eco-friendly. The extracts were characterized for thermal and light stabilities, cytotoxicity, antitumoral activity, and cytoprotective effect. Optimum PLE conditions were: 55 °C, a flow rate of 5 mL/min, and solution ethanol:citric acid 0.1 mol/L (50:50, v/v). PLE recovered about 80% of total anthocyanins (2.33 mg/C3GE g), while HSE recovered 46% (1.17 mg/C3GE g). Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) was identified (m/z 449) and quantified, 1.63 mg/g for PLE and 1.07 mg/g for HSE. Both anthocyanin-rich extracts in low temperature showed high thermostability, did not present cytotoxicity (normal fibroblast L929 cells), and showed cytoprotection of L929 cells when subjected to oxidative stress with H2O2. Overall, the anthocyanin-rich extracts obtained by PLE showed potential to be applied as natural colorants and possibly to improve wound healing.